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Global Purchasing Manager Indices, Update December 10

 

Manufacturing PMIs are considered to be the most leading and important economic indicators.
Jim O’Neill, Chairman of Goldman Sachs Asset Management, believes the PMI numbers are among the most reliable economic indicators in the world.  BlackRock’s Russ Koesterich thinks it’s one of the most underrated indicators.

Global Purchasing Manager Indices for the manufacturing industry

Global Purchasing Manager Indices December 3, 2012

 

December 3, 2012 update

 

Global PMIs December 3, 2012

Global PMIs December 3, 2012 - Click to enlarge

JP Morgan’s Global PMIs vs. different risk indicators:

MonthManu factur.ServicesCom positeMichigan Consumer ConfidenceS&P 500CopperBrent OilAUD/ USDReference date
August 201351.756.155.282.116453304115.700.9053Sep 3, 2013
July50.854.954.185.117033168108.930.8903August 2, 2013
June50.651.352.984.11615
3176
105.85
0.9116
July 3, 2013
May50.653.753.184.51640
3297
99.92
0.9750
June 3, 2013
April50.452.151.976.41582
3126
102.85
1.0253
May 3, 2013
March51.253.253.177.615543354107.171.0424April4,2013
February50.853.353.073.815253508110.081.0202March4,2013
January51.553.453.371.315033658113.461.0427Feb4,2013
December 201250.254.853.774.514613700111.421.0481Jan 5, 2013
November49.754.953.782.714073656110.921.0432Dec 3
October49.252.151.382.614233557105.751.0338Nov 3
September48.954.052.578.314373775108.071.0231Oct 3
August48.152.351.174.314063485108.071.0239Sep 3
July48.452.751.772.3136133071061.0465Aug 2
June48.950.650.373.213573466971.0230Jul 2
May50.652.552.179.312633289980.9640Jun 3
April 201251.452.052.376.4140237821161.0260May 2, 2012
September 201149.952.652.055.7112331321020.9634Sep 2, 2011
February 201157.859.357.077.5133144981151.0127Mar 2, 2011
(Click for details inside the table)

sources:

Business Insider Dec 3

Business insider Nov 1

Business Insider Oct 1

Business Insider September 3

Prices: Bloomberg, Investing.com

Detailed Manufacturing Global PMIs:

July:

 

Global Manufacturing PMIs July 2012
Global Manufacturing PMIs July 2012

 

PMI Positive/negative change ratio: 12:15

Expansion/Contraction ratio:  7:20

Risk Indicators 

August 2:
S&P500 1361
Copper 3307
Brent 106
AUDUSD 1.0465
EURUSD 1.2179
DAX 6606
SMI 6407

 

 

 

Switzerland:                48.6   (June 48.1, May 45.4)
Brazil:                           48.7   (June 48.5)
Poland:                        49.7   (June 48.0)
United States/ISM:     49.8  (June 52.5, May 54.0)   (ISM is listed in June/May below)

additionally: United States/Markit: 51.4  (June 51.9,  May 52.5)


June:

Global Manufacturing PMIs June 2012
Global Manufacturing PMIs June 2012

 

 

PMI Positive/negative change ratio: 10:17

Expansion/Contraction ratio:  8:19

 

Risk indicators per July 2:
S&P500 1357
Copper 3466
Brent 97
AUDUSD 1.023
EURUSD 1.2580
DAX 6578
SMI 6109


May:

Global Manufacturing PMIs May 2012
Global Manufacturing PMIs May 2012

 

 

PMI Positive/negative change ratio: 6:16

Expansion/Contraction ratio:  12:13

 

 

Risk indicators per June 3:
S&P500 1263
Copper  3289
Brent 98
AUDUSD 0.964
EURUSD 1.2398
DAX 5978
SMI  5713

 

 




Which indicators are the most leading ones ?

Manufacturing PMIs are considered to be the most leading and important economic indicators.
Jim O’Neill, Chairman of Goldman Sachs Asset Management, believes the PMI numbers are among the most reliable economic indicators in the world.  BlackRock’s Russ Koesterich thinks it’s one of the most underrated indicators.

They are often driven by exporters, especially in countries with strong trade balances and currencies, whereas Services PMIs are determined more by local consumers. In most countries these ones follow the Manufacturing PMIs with a delay of some months, at least historically this was the case.

During a global downturn or slowing, the Services PMIs might be stronger than the Manufacturing PMIs. Examples are Germany and the UK, where Services PMIs (July: 50.3 and 51.0) were far higher than Manufacturing PMIs (June: 43.0 and 45.4). Generally Services PMIs show less volatility, because the manufacturing counterparts depend more strongly on investment, which slows during downturns.

For the US, however, we consider the Non-Manufacturing PMI (the main component are services) and the Chicago Manufacturing PMI to be the most leading indicators. The reason is that the US consumer is still the main driver of the global economy. The ISM Non-Manufacturing PMI reflects future spending better than the University of Michigan or theConference Board indicators.

Leading vs. Consumer Sentiment

In September/October 2011 the Non-Manufacturing PMI was in positive territory whereas both consumer sentiment numbers saw very bad values. Stock prices were down because they often correlate more with consumer sentiment and less with the leading indicators.

Commodities are more strongly correlated with leading indicators. As suggested by the leading indicators, the US came later into a recovery phase, last but not least thanks to cheaper gas (GAS) prices. The Chicago PMI is strongly associated with the Chicago car producers. The indicator often ticks upwards after a strong fall of gas prices, like seen recently. The ISM Manufacturing PMI (here on Bloomberg) follows the Chicago PMI, often with a lag of one month. As opposed to the Chicago PMI, that reflects the US consumer demands for cars, the ISM Manufacturing PMI depends more strongly on global demand and exports.

 

Citi Surprise Index July 2012

 

The Citibank Economic Surprise Index compares economic data with investor expectations. It turned upwards from October 2011 on, when data was actually better than what investors expected.

After a downturn in June 2012, the surprise index is moving upwards again. More on seasonality effects and the implications for the SNB can be found here.

Further Links

Manufacturing PMIs historically:

Percent of countries with PMI sub 50

History of ISM reports

History JPM global composite PMI,

History JPM global services PMI

 

The July update appeared in Seeking Alpha.
George Dorgan
George Dorgan (penname) predicted the end of the EUR/CHF peg at the CFA Society and at many occasions on SeekingAlpha.com and on this blog. Several Swiss and international financial advisors support the site. These firms aim to deliver independent advice from the often misleading mainstream of banks and asset managers. George is FinTech entrepreneur, financial author and alternative economist. He speak seven languages fluently.
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