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Fed Balance Sheet: Swap Me Update


Just a quick update to add a little more data and color to my last Friday’s swap line criticism so hopefully you can better see how there is intentional activity behind them. Since a few people have asked, I’ll break them out with a little more detail. While the volume of swaps outstanding at the Fed has, in total, remained relatively constant (suspiciously, if you ask me), the underlying tenor of them has not.

Meaning, there is purpose. It’s not like everyone panicked in March, signed up for longer swap trades, and are now letting them just roll off as everything has gone back to normal (as is alleged).

Fed Balance Sheet: Assets, 2007-2020

Fed Balance Sheet: Assets, 2007-2020

- Click to enlarge

Foreign central banks (remember, the overseas institution initiates the transaction likely on behalf of perceived or real demand of banks operating within its jurisdiction – including, as I pointed out, foreign subsidiaries of US banks) have instead kept up the volume, but as longer-dated arrangements have been expiring these have been actively renewed and shifted to shorter duration transactions.

Fed Balance Sheet: Assets, 2019-2020

Fed Balance Sheet: Assets, 2019-2020

- Click to enlarge

The question is, why haven’t they disappeared altogether? If March had been a one-off, June is a long way off to show so much volume still taking this circuitous route.

So, here’s the big question: why are they still being used at practically the same level or volume? For each of the last seven weeks, the level outstanding has been remarkably constant.

Given outstanding practice and doctrine, this is the last thing Jay Powell should want to see.

Swap Me Update


Has the Fed morphed back into a quasi-real bills state, or is the “temporary” market disruption of March and April maybe not nearly so temporary? And, thinking along these lines, that “flood” maybe didn’t work at least so far as getting things back closer to normal.

If QE really had unleashed a flood, these things should’ve zeroed out by now. As the longer duration trades come up for maturity, those made under panic of March and early April, the initiating agent (central bank) would’ve just let them expire with local banks flush with Jay Powell’s “money printing.” Instead, they are clearly, purposefully, and actively being replaced week by week for practically the same net volume just lesser maturities.

Again, why? If only someone would have the guts to ask Jay Powell directly. But that might spoil some or all of his 60 minutes.

Which is it:

Swap Me Update


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Jeffrey P. Snider
Jeffrey P. Snider is the head of Global Investment Research of Alhambra Investment Partners (AIP). Jeffrey was 12 years at Atlantic Capital Management where he anticipated the financial crisis with critical research. His company is a global investment adviser, hence potential Swiss clients should not hesitate to contact AIP
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